Nitrate fertilization and keeping quality of apple fruits chemical, physiological, and storage studies by J. H. Gourley

Cover of: Nitrate fertilization and keeping quality of apple fruits | J. H. Gourley

Published by Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station in Wooster, Ohio .

Written in English

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  • Apples -- Fertilizers,
  • Nitrogen fertilizers,
  • Apples -- Storage -- Diseases and injuries

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementJ.H. Gourley and E.F. Hopkins
SeriesBulletin / Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station -- no. 479, Bulletin (Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station) -- no. 479
ContributionsHopkins, E. F
The Physical Object
Pagination66 p. :
Number of Pages66
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15364212M

Download Nitrate fertilization and keeping quality of apple fruits

Levels of nitrates in fruits tend to vary widely, and may depend on growing conditions, such as whether fertilizer was used, or how much nitrate was dissolved in water used during growth. Bananas. Like other fruits, bananas cannot come close to vegetable sources of nitrates, such as beet root, or even spinach.

It is important to note that K fertilization has the ability to increase the red color and quality of apple when the leaf K concentration is below 1%, but high K also reduces fruit firmness.

Green, leafy vegetables (like spinach, mustard greens, arugula, kale, Swiss chard and lettuce) Chinese cabbage. Some fruits do contain nitrates, but the amounts are generally low. The fruits that do contain nitrates include: Nectarines/peaches.

The report in Aging and Disease points out that approximately 80 to 90 percent of dietary nitrates Author: Lindsay Boyers. The nitrogen fertilizers ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, calcium nitrate, urea, and sewage sludge increased the percentage of apple trees on MM.

Effect of N Fertilization on FF KQ Conclusion • Nitrogen fertilization had an effect on fresh fruit keeping quality. As nitrogen fertilization increased, the keeping quality decreased. • The main factor explaining the effect on keeping quality is fruit Author: Jean-Pierre Deland, Reza Jamaly, Leon-Etienne Parent, David Bellamy.

Apple Tree Nutrition Renae Moran University of Maine Nutrition is important for winter hardiness, flower bud development, fruit set, and fruit quality. Most of us know this already and do our best to maintain the nutritional status of our Size: KB. Nitrogen fertilization had no effect on yield and mean fruit weight in (Table 2).

Neither dose or mode of N fertilization had any effect on the cumulative yield of apple trees for the years – (Fig.

Cropping efficiency coefficient for 8 years of bearing ( – ), calculated in relation to the trunk. Even after years of scientific research, getting the correct level of nitrogen into apple trees remains in many ways an art.

Lailiang Cheng, a researcher at Cornell University sincehas dedicated his career to helping growers make the right choices. He does the scientific studies, and he also helps growers interpret what their trees are. Fruit quality of ‘Fuji’ apples (Malus domestica Borkh.) grafted on three rootstock cultivars (a weeping-type clone of ‘Marubakaidou’ (Malus prunifolia Borkh.

var. ringo Asami), MM, and M) were investigated in sand trees were grown in a nutrient solution with nitrogen supplied as ammonium or nitrate. With MM and M rootstocks, fruit from the trees fed Cited by: 1.

Introduction. Nitrate (NO 3 −) constitutes the most important form of nitrogen (N) taken up readily in large quantities by most horticultural crops (i.e. vegetables, fruit trees and vines) to attain maximal yields (Baker and Mills, ; Colla et al.,).When nitrate uptake far exceeds assimilation by the plant, accumulation of nitrate in the plant tissues can by: Fertilization regimes, preharvest sprays, and postharvest treatment have all been tried in an effort to increase fruit tissue calcium in order to have a positive effect on fruit quality in storage.

This paper will discuss some of the more recent literature. N can be equally bad. Apple N programs vary according to many factors, some of which are listed in the following pages. Because of these many factors, Nitrate fertilization and keeping quality of apple fruits book grower must monitor tree growth, leaf nutrient levels, yield, and fruit quality in order to make annual adjustments to the nitrogen program.

Factors Affecting Nitrogen Program Nitrogen deficiencyFile Size: KB. Calcium Chloride Treatment of Fruits and Vegetables By Suren Mishra, Ph.D. Tetra Technologies, Inc.

I North The Woodlands Texas Executive Summary: Calcium Chloride is proving to have a significant impact on the shelf life of various fruits and vegetables. The benefits of applying calcium chloride to select fruits and vegetables. leaves and fruits of the cv.

‘Idared’ apple grown in agro-ecological conditions of the Gorazde area. An additional objective of this research was to examine the impact of calcium fertilizer application methods on content of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) in apple fruits and on quality parameters of apple fruits, sugar content or totalAuthor: Senad Murtić, Rodoljub Oljača, Ivana Koleška, Hamdija Čivić.

Apple trees and their fruit also benefit from the availability of micronutrients like Calcium. Honeycrisp apple trees in particular tend to require more calcium than other varieties, so, to avoid diminished tree- and fruit-quality due to calcium deficiency, it is wise to apply (either as a soil additive or foliar application during the growing.

Potassium fertilization and fruit quality. In this experiment the quality of the fruits was evaluated from chemical attributes, soluble solids, titratable acidity, ratio (SS/AT) and ascorbic acid.

The content of soluble solids estimates the concentration of sugars, which, in most cases, determine the flavor of the : Sarita Leonel, Luis Lessi dos Reis. Apple fruit quality, yield and leaf macronutrients content as affected by fertilizer treatment T. Milošević1* and N. Milošević2 1Department of Fruit Growing and Viticulture, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Kragujevac, Cara Dusana Cacak, Republic of Serbia.

2Department of Pomology and Fruit Breeding, Fruit Research InstituteCited by: 7. Goals / Objectives Develop and test uses of bioregulators to enhance apple fruit quality and consumer acceptance without loss of long-term storage potential. Project Methods MCP will be applied to Delicious and Gala apples treated with bioregulator treatments of AVG and/or ethephon the day after harvest.

Calcium nitrate Foliar fetilization of apple trees is one of the most efficient way It is a perfect complementary nutrition to the standard soil fertilization which allows to get not only high yield of fruit but also high fruit quality.

Fertilizer description. ized with sodium nitrate at two-week intervals from the middle of August to the time of picking. To determine whether these nitrarte applications had any effect on the fruit, the effects of these applications were studied in three ways: (a) red color of the fruit, {b) keeping quality of the fruit, and (c) nitrogen.

In apple trees-the margins of older leaves of a potassium deficient apple tree turn yellow and then brown as potassium is a mobile element. The leaf edges become tattered, curl inwards and the leaf becomes boat-shaped. In pear trees-the older basal leaves are also the first to show symptoms but the colour of the.

nutrients calcium is the most important affecting quality of apple and pear fruits (Fallahi et al., ). Calcium affects fruit senescence and quality by altering intracellular and extracellular processes and the rate of fruit softening depending on Author: Ensieh Ghorbani, Davood Bakhshi, Esmaeil Fallahi, Babak Rabiei.

Portuguese Region of Bairrada. This experiment was established in order to evaluate the influence of nitrogen and potassium fertilization on the yield and fruit quality of Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward. Three levels of nitrogen (30, 60 and 90 kg ha-1N) and four levels of potassium (0, 45, 90 and kg ha-1 K.

While vegetables naturally contain nitrates, the soil and amount of fertilizer used on the crop can increase nitrate content. Various factors can even affect organic vegetables, such as factors that increase the nitrate content, including the nitrogen content of compost used, the water supply and the temperature during growth.

Researchers found. It turns out that the majority of the nitrate we consume—between 70% and 85%—comes from vegetables and fruits, the richest sources being spinach, lettuce, celery, cauliflower, grapes, strawberries and root vegetables.

Most of the rest of the nitrate we take in comes naturally in drinking water.5/5(1). yield of quality fruit. Nitrogen Demand-Supply Relationship of Apple Trees. When developing a nitrogen fertilization program, the N demand-supply relationship of apple trees must be taken into. consideration. Early season canopy development and fruit growth require high N supply whereas fruit quality development only requires baseline N Size: 1MB.

ABSTRACT. Fertilization of temperate fruit trees, such as grapevine (Vitis spp.), apple (Malus domestica), and pear (Pyrus communis) is an important tool to achive maximum yield and fruit izers are provided when soil fertility does not allow trees to express their genetic potential, and time and rate of application should be scheduled to promote fruit by: grapevine fruits yield and quality, with B and K via foliar application, and Stover et al.

() in apple yield, with foliar application of B and Zn as solubor and Zn as zinc chelate. For Kavati (), micronutrient supply via foliar spraying, for the atemoya (A. cherimolia Mill. The effects of fertilization on fruit quality were moderate; the split-N application increased soluble solids in fruit.

These data suggest that the N and P amounts employed in this study can be reduced in apple by: 1. Wilanów, on apple trees of the cultivar Jonagored.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the needs for apple orchard fertilization with nitrogen that would minimize the use of nitrogen fer-tilizers while maintaining an optimal content of available nutrients in the soil, leaves and fruits of apple trees. Nitrate is the main form of nitrogen taken up by trees.

Over-irrigation will continually leach this nitrate, reducing tree uptake and increasing soil acidification in the irrigated soil.

In some cases where salinity is a concern, a controlled leaching strategy is required to prevent the build up of salts in the soil profile. In tomatoes, it was found that fruits dipped in 2% potassium nitrate maintain good quality (Bombelli and Wright, ). In addition, in cantaloupes, it was found that dipping fresh-cut cylinders from the fruits in calcium salts at concentration of % maintained firmness throughout cold storage (Luna-Guzam and Barrett, ).

Apple trees provide good tasting, juicy fruit and add visual attraction to any yard. Apple trees come in three sizes: standard size, dwarf and semi-dwarf, so they can be grown in even small yards.

Apples come in many shapes, sizes and colors, as well as flavors. Some apples are sweet and some are tart. But one thing. Consumption of vegetable and herbal crops provides the human diet with many essential vitamins and minerals important for health maintenance.

These crops also contain important secondary compounds called phytonutrients that can contribute to human health. Researchers are currently interested in improving the nutritional quality of crop plants, with. Soil fertility is a function of the biological, physical and chemical characteristics of soil.

An organic fertility program should consider all of these interrelated factors in order to optimize and sustain crop production. Soil tests are useful for monitoring soil organic matter content, which influences the physical and biological quality of soil. Abstract | Effect of calcium, boron, and zinc foliar application on growth and fruit production of tomato was investigated during the year at ARI Tarnab, Peshawar to optimize calcium, boron and zinc concentration for enhancing the growth and fruit related attributes of tomato.

The experiment was conducted using Randomized Complete Block (RCB) Design with 3 factors, Cited by: 1. influenced by potassium nitrate, urea, and ammonium solphate treatments.

In addition, when the trees were manured with potassium nitrate, compared with ammonium sulphate, fruit texture firmness was significantly increased. Wojcik [9] stated that calcium folir application had no effect on apple yield, mean fruit weight, fruit skin russeting.

Apple trees require nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium -- the three numbers on fertilizer bags -- as well as various trace minerals. For home growers, fertilizers should have a higher nitrogen ratio to fuel healthy growth.

Common granular fertilizer is suitable for apples. A rule of thumb for small orchards is 1 pound of fertilizer per. Buy brightly colored fruits and vegetables, like blueberries, red peppers, and kale.

Why. Because they have the following: Folic acid is an essential ingredient for healthy sperm and ovaries and for preventing neural tube defects during the early stages of pregnancy.

It also has iron and vitamin C, two items that enhance the quality of sperm. liquid fertilizer on weight and quality of apple is few. This research aimed to analyse the effect of biopesticide and organic liquid fertilizer on weight and quality of apple.

Material and method The study was carried out in Bumiaji, Batu, East Java (8 05'S, 80'E, m in altitude) on July - December. that % calcium nitrate treated fruits significantly reduced the physiological loss in weight of fruits, pathological loss and exhibited better quality by rendering them acceptable upto period of 15 days.

The data on total soluble solids (Table 2) showed that the maximum total soluble solids were recorded in T 1 (%)File Size: KB.the fruit or vegetable. Flavor quality of fruits and vegetables is influenced by genetic, preharvest, harvesting, and postharvest factors.

The longer the time between harvest and eating, the greater the losses of characteristic flavor (taste and aroma) and the development of off-flavors in most fruits and vegetables. Postharvest life based on.Fruits and vegetables are soft, fleshy, edible plant products and, because of their high moisture content, are relatively perishable in the freshly harvested state.

Botanically, the word “fruit” Cited by: 9.

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