Induced resistance for plant defence a sustainable approach to crop protection

Cover of: Induced resistance for plant defence |

Published by Blackwell Pub. in Oxford, UK, Ames, Iowa .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects,
  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Molecular aspects

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index

Book details

Statementedited by Dale Walters, Adrian Newton, Gary Lyon
ContributionsWalters, Dale, Newton, Adrian C, Lyon, Gary
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSB750 .I4745 2007
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 258 p. :
Number of Pages258
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17218877M
ISBN 10140513447X
ISBN 109781405134477
LC Control Number2006026449

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Induced resistance offers the prospect of broad spectrum, long-lasting and potentially environmentally-benign disease and pest control in plants.

Induced Resistance for Plant Defense 2e provides a comprehensive account of the subject, encompassing the underlying science and methodology, as well as research on application of the phenomenon in. This comprehensive book examines in depth the development and exploitation of induced resistance.

Chapters review current knowledge of the agents that can elicit induced resistance, genomics, signalling cascades, mechanisms of defence to pests and pathogens and molecular tools.

Plant diseases worldwide are responsible for billions of dollars worth of crop losses every year. With less agrochemicals being used and less new fungicides coming on the market due to environmental concerns, more effort is now being put into the use of genetic potential of plants for pathogen resistance and the development of induced or acquired resistance as an environmentally Reviews: 1.

Induced Resistance for Plant Defence: A Sustainable Approach to Crop Protection - Ebook written by Dale Walters, Adrian C. Newton, Gary Lyon. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices.

Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Induced Resistance for Plant Defence: A Sustainable Approach to Crop Protection. Induced Resistance For Plant Defence Induced Resistance For Plant Defence by Dale Walters. Download it Induced Resistance For Plant Defence books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

This comprehensive book examines in depth the development and exploitation of induced resistance. The book concludes with a consideration of socio-economic drivers determining the use of induced resistance, and the future of induced resistance in crop protection.

Buy Both and Save 25%. This item: Induced Resistance for Plant Defence: A Sustainable Approach to Crop Protection. Induced resistance is a hot topic in plant pathology and knowledge in this field is rapidly evolving. Two earlier books, which cover the same subject, have appeared in (Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants, edited by Hammerschmidt and Kuć, Kluwer Academic Publishers) and in (Induced Plant Defenses against Pathogens and.

Induced resistance offers the prospect of broad spectrum, long-lasting and potentially environmentally-benign disease and pest control in plants. Induced Resistance for Plant Defense 2e provides a comprehensive account of the subject, encompassing the underlying science and methodology, as well as research on application of the phenomenon in practice.

The second edition of this important book. Induced resistance offers the prospect of broad spectrum, long-lasting and potentially environmentally-benign disease and pest control in plants.

Induced Resistance for Plant Defense 2e provides a comprehensive account of the subject, encompassing the underlying science and methodology, as well as research on application of the phenomenon in Format: Tapa dura. This book provides a thorough overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with particular emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack.

Written by leading experts, the book first introduces the general concepts of. The role of microbial determinants in promoting plant growth under biotic stress The book focuses on a range of aspects related to PGPMs such as their mode of action, priming of plant defence and plant growth in disease challenged crops, multifunctional bio-fertilizers, PGPM-mediated disease suppression, and the effect of PGPMs on secondary.

MC HeathThoughts on the role and evolution of induced resistance in natural ecosystems, and its relationship to other types of plant defenses R Hammerschmidt, J Kuć (Eds.), Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants, Kluwer, Dordrecht (), pp.

Induced Resistance to Disease in Plants addresses the biology of induced resistance in legumes, solanaceae, cucurbits and monocots, since these are the families that have received the most attention, followed by a discussion of the molecular basis of induced resistance, its genetic and evolutionary significance, and practical applications in.

The Research Topic on Induced Resistance for Plant Defense focuses on the understanding the mechanisms underlying plant resistance or tolerance since these will help us to develop fruitful new agricultural strategies for a sustainable crop protection.

This topic and its potential applications provide a new sustainable approach to crop protection. Induced resistance (IR) is the phenomenon by which a plant exhibits an increased level of resistance without changes of its basic genetic constitution.

IR utilizes the plant’s own defense mechanisms to restrict pathogen development. Resistance can be induced locally on the. Title: Induced Resistance For Plant Defence A Sustai, Author: EnriquetaDevore, Name: Induced Resistance For Plant Defence A Sustai, Length: 5 pages, Page: 1, Published: Issuu company.

Ray Hammerschmidt. Chapter 2: Agents that can elicit induced resistance. Gary D Lyon. Chapter 3: Genomics in induced resistance. Kemal Kazan and Peer Schenk. Chapter 4: Signalling cascades involved in induced resistance. Corne MJ Pieterse and LC Van Loon.

Chapter 5: Types and mechanisms of rapidly-induced plant resistance to herbivorous arthropods. Induced resistance in tomato by nonpathogenic Aa to infection with other necrotrophic pathogens. To evaluate the effectiveness of the induced resistance by nonpathogenic Aa against infection with other necrotrophic pathogens, C.

casiicola, a causal agent of target spot of tomato and a host-specific CCT-toxin producer, was used for a challenge inoculation. Induced Systemic Resistance (ISR) is a resistance mechanism in plants that is activated by mode of action does not depend on direct killing or inhibition of the invading pathogen, but rather on increasing physical or chemical barrier of the host plant.

Like the Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR) a plant can develop defenses against an invader such as a pathogen or parasite. Introduction. In nature, plants possess a considerable diversity of resistance strategies and produce complex chemical reactions after experiencing mechanical damage or attacks by herbivores (Green and Ryan, ).The signal transduction pathways related to plant defense includes the ethylene (ET) pathway, jasmonic acid (JA) pathway, and salicylic acid (SA) pathway.

Inbreeding in horsenettle causes significant reduction in the plant’s induced defense responses and resistance to herbivory [67–69]. The predilection for inbred plants exhibited by insects suggests that they are gaining fitness benefits by choosing inbred host plants, regulated by insect herbivore growth, oviposition, and flight capacity.

Priming is an adaptive strategy that improves the defensive capacity of plants. This phenomenon is marked by an enhanced activation of induced defense mechanisms. Stimuli from pathogens, beneficial microbes, or arthropods, as well as chemicals and abiotic cues, can trigger the establishment of priming by acting as warning signals.

Upon stimulus perception, changes may occur in the plant at the. Symbioses between plants and beneficial soil microorganisms like arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to promote plant growth and help plants to cope with biotic and abiotic stresses.

Profound physiological changes take place in the host plant upon root colonization by AMF affecting the interactions with a wide range of organisms below- and above-ground.

Protective. (PGPRs) and plant-growth-promoting fungi (PGPFs), both of which induce systemic resistance, can also trigger defense priming (). The subtle costs associated with these interactions are negligible under pathogenic pressure, and many studies have provided evidence that the induced resistance they trigger is based on priming (3, 19, 73, 76, ).

Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory This timely book provides an overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with an emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack.

The book first introduces general concepts of direct and indirect defenses, followed by a focused. Plants also have endogenous defence mechanisms that can be induced in response to pathogens, and separate chapters deal with systemic acquired resistance, phytoalexins, and the interacting pathways in pathogen and pest resistance.

The book discusses underlying biochemical mechanisms by which plant stress leads to the biosynthesis of chemical Price: $ One of the most studied plant defense inducers and priming agents, the β-aminobutyric acid or BABA, has been used for investigating the transgenerational epigenetic basis of priming defense and the mechanistic of long-lasting induced resistance (Luna et al., a).

Interestingly, these authors found that BABA-IR can be detected up to 28 days. Induced systemic resistance (ISR) and Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) are two different phenomena but both represent active plant defense responses to phytopathogen attack. ISR is similar to hypersensitive response while as SAR is alike inherent immunity of plant system.

In book: Microbial-mediated Induced Systemic Resistance in Plants (pp) Chapter: Seed priming-mediated induced disease resistance in arid zone plants. Plant defense against herbivory or host-plant resistance (HPR) describes a range of adaptations evolved by plants which improve their survival and reproduction by reducing the impact of herbivores.

Plants can sense being touched, and they can use several strategies to defend against damage caused by herbivores.

Many plants produce secondary metabolites, known as allelochemicals, that influence. Induced biochemical defenses •Systemic Acquired Resistance is the activation of defenses in distal, non-infected parts of the plant.

After a primary inoculation here The plant becomes more resistant to a secondary, challenge inoculation there 1 2.

Plant disease resistance protects plants from pathogens in two ways: by pre-formed structures and chemicals, and by infection-induced responses of the immune system. Relative to a susceptible plant, disease resistance is the reduction of pathogen growth on or in the plant (and hence a reduction of disease), while the term disease tolerance describes plants that exhibit little disease damage.

The vast majority of documented cases of induced resistance to herbivory have been in perennial plants (Karban and Baldwin ). Perennial plants are poor model systems for answering questions about the evolution and consequences of induced responses from the plant's point of view because measuring lifetime plant fitness is difficult.

To combat the pathogens causing different diseases and other biotic stresses, PGPMs produce a higher level ofresistance in addition to plants'indigenous immune systems in the form of induced systemic resistance (ISR).

The ISR elicitedby PGPMs has suppressed plant diseases caused by a range of pathogens in boththe greenhouse and field. A particularly interesting aspect of induced resistance is that it confers protection against a wide range of pathogens and abiotic stresses.

It is known that this broad-spectrum protection is based on a faster and stronger activation of basal defense mechanisms after the induced plant has been exposed to.

Exogenous application of ABA induces resistance against C. miyabeanus in rice. A, Effect of pretreatment with various plant defense activators and signaling molecules on subsequent infection with C. -week-old CO39 plants were sprayed until runoff with m m JA, m m ethephon, m m ABA, or m m BTH or soil drenched with m m BABA.

Control (Ctrl) plants. Plant defence strategies involving these compounds can fall in either category, innate or SAR.

Although innate immunity is of greater efficiency and is the most common form of plant resistance to microbes, both defence strategies depend on the ability of the plant to distinguish between self and non-self molecules.

Resistance or tolerance of plants to insect herbivores and pathogens is mediated via constitutive or induced defense mechanisms (Mauricio et al., ; Buell, ).Inducible defenses play a major role in conferring disease resistance against plant pathogens (Maleck and Dietrich, ), and their effects on phytophagous insects can include increased toxicity, delay of larval development, or.

insect plant interactions and induced plant defence no Posted By Lewis Carroll Media Publishing TEXT ID f76d Online PDF Ebook Epub Library the sophisticated mechanisms that plants use to defend themselves against attack by insects and pathogens focusing on the networks of plant signalling pathways that.

Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. genotypes limited in their ability to mount either octadecanoid-dependent induced resistance (IR –) or systemic acquired resistance (SAR –) were used to characterize the roles of these pathways in plant–herbivore lar and biochemical markers of IR were analysed in plants subject to herbivory by caterpillars of the beet armyworm.

* PDF Insect Plant Interactions And Induced Plant Defence No * Uploaded By Denise Robins, insect plant interactions and induced plant defence chair john a pickett this book examines the sophisticated mechanisms that plants use to defend themselves against attack by insects and pathogens focusing on the networks of plant.

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